The skin is the largest organ of the body. Over time, it sustains damage from the effects of aging and factors in our environment. When skin is young, it works at peak performance and continuously repairs itself. As we grow older, these repair mechanisms grow weaker. That is when we begin to see signs of damage such as thinning of the epidermis and dermis, coarsening of the skin, enlargement of pores and loss of suppleness.

Factors Affecting Skin

The following are factors that may affect the state of your skin:

Intrinsic Factors

As we get older, our skin’s ability to renew cells begins to slow down causing sings of aging. Although the aging process is inevitable, with the proper care, your skin can age gracefully and beautifully.

Everyone ages differently and scientists have discovered that the root cause of aging lies deep within our skin’s DNA. However, you can control extrinsic factors and follow a healthy skin care regimen to help your skin stay more vibrant longer.

Extrinsic Factors

Skin is affected by external factors such as exposure to the sun, smoking etc. Limiting exposure to harmful factors is important to make sure your skin has the nutrients it needs to fight the aging process.

Photo aging is damage to skin that occurs from many years of exposure to the sun. Studies have shown that too much ultraviolet (UV) light can cause skin problems and premature wrinkling. The sun’s UV light damages fibers in the skin. The breakdown of these fibers causes the skin to sag and wrinkle. It is important to protect your skin from sun damage, as it may not show at a young age, but will be present later in life.

Everything that is taken into the body affects skin, so a balanced diet helps to keep the skin looking healthy. An antioxidant rich diet is important as well as a sufficient daily intake of water. Eating well and properly hydrating your body gives your skin a head start on a successful skin care regimen.

Understanding Skin Care

Understanding the products that the skin requires to maintain a healthier and revitalized appearance helps to make informed choices to build a proper skin care regimen.


Choosing the right cleanser for your skin type is an important first step in a daily skin care regimen. An inappropriate cleanser can neutralize the positive benefits of other skin treatments.

Eye Products

As skin around the eyes is thinner than other areas of the face, eye contours need extra care and products that are formulated for sensitive skin. Glycolic acid or retinol products should not be used close to the eyes.


Exfoliation with alpha hydroxyl acids (AHAs) removes the top layer of dead skin. When dead skin is removed, dry skin appears less dull and flaky with fewer blocked pores. The most effective AHA is glycolic acid, which dissolves the protein bonds that bind dead skin cells together, allowing the skin cells to slough off. Newer healthy cells appear on the surface leaving the skin revitalized. Higher concentrations can be tolerated when glycolic acid is formulated with an Amphoteric SystemTM, which controls the release of free acid molecules onto the skin.

Night Creams

While you sleep, the skin repairs itself from the damage that occurs during the day. The skin at night is more apt to absorb a product’s active ingredients. Topical application of a night cream containing retinol (vitamin A in its purest form) speeds up cell turnover and unclogs pores, allowing sebum to flow freely up towards the skin’s surface. Retinol visibly improves the appearance of mature skin helping it create a smooth, supple texture and skin tone.


Astringents remove excess oil without stripping the skin’s natural protective barrier. Those who have very oil skin benefit from daily application of an astringent. By using an astringent with glycolic acid, they have the added benefit of exfoliation, while removing excess oil and reducing blackheads.


Skin needs moisture. A hydrating cream should only be applied on the dry areas of the skin. Humectants such as petrolatum and glycerin retain moisture from the air and form an occlusive barrier on the surface of the skin.